Manganese superoxide dismutase-2 (SOD2) plays a crucial role in cells’ protection against mitochondrial oxidative damage. A genetic polymorphism in the mitochondrial targeting sequence of the SOD2 gene has been implicated in various diseases, including prostate cancer. Paller et al. have shown an increase in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) doubling time in patients with the Ala/Ala (wildtype) genotype when treated with pomegranate/grape extract antioxidants. We developed and validated a pyrosequencing assay that detects the common germline SOD2 SNP (rs_4880) with the aim of identifying men with castrate-resistant prostate cancer eligible for an antioxidant therapy clinical trial. We first selected 37 samples from the 1000 genomes study with known genotypes determined using Illumina-based sequencing and confirmed them by Sanger sequencing. In a blinded design, we then performed the new pyrosequencing assay on these samples and assigned genotypes. Genotypes for all 37 samples (13 homozygous Ala, 12 heterozygous Ala/Val, and 12 homozygous Val) were all concordant by pyrosequencing. The pyrosequencing assay has been live since May 2018 and has proven to be robust and accurate.
- SOD2 gene
- prostate cancer
- prostate-specific antigen (PSA)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
- Structural Biology