Analytical study of Xenopus hindlimb regenerate with special reference to muscle regeneration

K. Fujikura, M. Tabuchi, Y. Shimoda, S. Inoue

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2 Scopus citations


Amputated hindlimbs of Xenopus laevis, develop various types of regenerates in relation with amputation level as well as stage development. The present experiments is an attempt to study the histological characteristics of Xenopus regenerations, i.e., rational changes of tissue components along the length of the regenerated part with special emphasis on the degree of muscle regeneration. Four types of regenerates were studied viz; a 4th toe obtained from a completely restored regenerated limb at 126 days after amputation of limb at base level in stage 51. An amputated limb with no external sign of regeneration of limb at thigh level in stage 60. A spike-shaped regenerate at 96 days after amputation of limb at shank level in stage 63. A spike-shaped regenerate at about 2 years after amputation of limb at shank level in stage 60. Cross sectional areas of muscle, skin gland, epidermis and cartilage in each of the four types of regenerates were measured with Image Analyzing Apparatus (VIP 121 CH, Olympus Co.). The relative area of each tissue was expressed as a percentage of the cross sectional area of the limb. The obtained values were plotted along the length of the regenerate. Digitiform regenerates were found to be more or less similar to the control limbs, i.e., provided joints and muscle, while the heteromorphic spike or rod shaped regenerates were simply provided with cartilaginous axial core without joint formation. Muscle area were reduced rapidly near the amputation area of these heteromorphic regenerates with no more continuation in the regenerated tissue. It is interesting to mention that percentage cartilage area of about 2 years old spike regenerate was higher than that of similar 96 days regenerate. In addition muscle regeneration was completely absent even in such an aged regenerate. The area showed fairly similar ratio irrespective of the external appearance of the regenerate. In 32 regenerates of which limbs were amputated at various developmental stages ranging between stage 51 and adult stage, the histological condition of muscle at the amputation site, were well observed. In all digitated types of regenerates even in those with reduced number of toes, muscles were found grown well in the regenerates. In heteromorphic regenerates without toe formation muscle did not usually regenerate. In few cases, however, a small mass of myoblastic like cells or small aggregation of differentiated muscle cells without any structural continuation with the stump muscles, were seen to develop in the midst of the regenerate.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)421-432
Number of pages12
JournalJikken dobutsu. Experimental animals
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1986
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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