Purpose: When treating cancer, both quantity and quality of life are valuable, though oncology trials have long placed greater emphasis on the former. The goal of this work was to evaluate how patient-reported outcomes (PROs) have been incorporated into radiation therapy trials within the National Clinical Trials Network over the last 2 decades to measure quality of life and to assess how PRO data have been disseminated in publications upon trial conclusion. Methods and Materials: This cross-sectional study analyzed the frequency of use of PROs in National Clinical Trials Network cooperative group radiation therapy phase 2 and 3 clinical trials over the past 2 decades. A literature review was performed to determine the publication outcomes of PRO data, including only trials that used PROs in their design and were mature enough to have published results. Results: Fifty-seven (56.4%) of the 101 trials included in this study included PROs in their design. Brain and head and neck trials demonstrated the largest proportional incorporation of PROs (81.8% and 76.9%, respectively), and thoracic and breast trials used the fewest (18.8% and 37.5%, respectively). The EQ-5D family of questionnaires was the most commonly used PROs, used in 22.8% of trials included. The literature review demonstrated a pattern of increased publication of PRO data alongside survival endpoints in manuscripts derived from these trials over time. Conclusions: Though there is room for improvement, the field of radiation oncology has embraced the incorporation of PROs into multicenter, high-impact clinical trials over the past 2 decades and has increased its publication of this data alongside survival data from these trials.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Published - Apr 1 2021|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research