Analysis of copy number changes on chromosome 16q in male breast cancer by multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification

Miangela M. Lacle, Robert Kornegoor, Cathy B. Moelans, Anoek H. Maes-Verschuur, Carmen Van Der Pol, Arjen J. Witkamp, Elsken Van Der Wall, Josef Rueschoff, Horst Buerger, Paul J. Van Diest

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Gene copy number changes have an important role in carcinogenesis and could serve as potential biomarkers for prognosis and targets for therapy. Copy number changes mapping to chromosome 16 have been reported to be the most frequent alteration observed in female breast cancer and a loss on 16q has been shown to be associated with low grade and better prognosis. In the present study, we aimed to characterize copy number changes on 16q in a group of 135 male breast cancers using a novel multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification kit. One hundred and twelve out of 135 (83%) male breast cancer showed copy number changes of at least one gene on chromosome 16, with frequent loss of 16q (71/135; 53%), either partial (66/135; 49%) or whole arm loss (5/135; 4%). Losses on 16q were thereby less often seen in male breast cancer than previously described in female breast cancer. Loss on 16q was significantly correlated with favorable clinicopathological features such as negative lymph node status, small tumor size, and low grade. Copy number gain of almost all genes on the short arm was also significantly correlated with lymph node negative status. A combination of 16q loss and 16p gain correlated even stronger with negative lymph node status (n=112; P=0.012), which was also underlined by unsupervised clustering. In conclusion, copy number loss on 16q is less frequent in male breast cancer than in female breast cancer, providing further evidence that male breast cancer and female breast cancer are genetically different. Gain on 16p and loss of 16q identify a group of male breast cancer with low propensity to develop lymph node metastases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1461-1467
Number of pages7
JournalModern Pathology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • 16q
  • MLPA
  • copy number changes
  • male breast cancer
  • oncogenes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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