The development of cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease and subsequent emergence of drug-resistant strains was examined in a large group of solid organ transplant recipients; drug-resistant CMV was detected in a total of 30 transplant recipients (20 lung, 5 kidney, 4 heart, and 1 liver). Drug resistance was confirmed both phenotypically and genotypically. The sequences of drug-resistant CMV strains from the same patient differed from drug-susceptible baseline sequences only at single sites previously confirmed to confer drug resistance. At least 1 isolate from each patient had a mutation in the UL97 phosphotransferase coding sequence. Mutations in the DNA polymerase gene were found in 6 of 38 sequenced strains. Lung transplant recipients had the highest incidence of drug-resistant virus: of the 30 patients, 28 were CMV-seronegative transplant recipients of CMV-seropositive organs, which strongly supports the premise that drug resistance is most prevalent in that transplant population.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Infectious Diseases|
|State||Published - Sep 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy
- Infectious Diseases