An aggregated analysis of hormonal factors and endometrial cancer risk by parity

Sara J. Schonfeld, Patricia Hartge, Ruth M. Pfeiffer, D. Michal Freedman, Robert T. Greenlee, Martha S. Linet, Yikyung Park, Catherine Schairer, Kala Visvanathan, James V. Lacey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: Nulliparity is associated with an increased risk of endometrial cancer. It is less clear whether nulliparity modifies the association between other established hormone-related risk factors. The proportion of nulliparous women has increased since the mid-1970s, but most individual studies to date have been too small to test the hypothesis that endometrial cancer risk factors may be associated more strongly with risk among nulliparous women compared with parous women. METHODS: Data were aggregated on 26,936 postmenopausal, Caucasian, nulliparous women (360 endometrial cancers) and 146,583 postmenopausal, Caucasian, parous women (1378 endometrial cancers) from 4 US prospective studies (1979-2006). Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated in stratified analyses. RESULTS: The risk of endometrial cancer was higher among nulliparous women than among parous women, as expected (nulliparous vs parous: HR, 1.42; 95% CI, 1.26-1.60). Stratified associations between endometrial cancer and hormone-related risk factors did not differ between nulliparous versus parous women: For both groups, oral contraceptives and earlier menopause were associated with reduced risk. The highest HRs were for obesity: A body mass index ≥30 kg/m2 (vs <25 kg/m2) increased the risk of endometrial cancer 3-fold among nulliparous women (HR, 3.04; 95% CI, 2.34-3.94) and parous women (HR, 2.88; 95% CI, 2.52-3.29). CONCLUSIONS: The results from this large, pooled analysis of data from 4 large prospective studies suggested that nulliparity does not modify the risks of endometrial cancer associated with established hormone-related risk factors. Cancer 2013. © 2012 American Cancer Society. The results from this large pooled analysis of data from 4 large prospective studies suggest that nulliparity, which is an established endometrial cancer risk factor, does not modify the risks associated with other hormone-related risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1393-1401
Number of pages9
Issue number7
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013


  • endometrial cancer
  • hormone
  • nulliparity
  • obesity
  • oral contraceptives
  • reproductive history

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


Dive into the research topics of 'An aggregated analysis of hormonal factors and endometrial cancer risk by parity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this