Aminoglycosides are able to inhibit phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C activity in a soluble fraction of rat renal tissue. The K(m) of the enzyme with respect to phosphatidylinositol is 0.53 mM and the V(max) was 0.671 μmol of phosphatidylinositol cleaved per hr per mg of protein. The enzyme is calcium activated and inhibited by ethylene glycol bis-(β-aminoethyl ether)-N,N'-tetraacetic acid. Streptomycin, amikacin, kanamycin, tobramycin, gentamicin and neomycin inhibit enzyme activity in the same rank order as their ability to produce nephrotoxicity. The 50% inhibitory concentrations ranged from 0.03 mM for neomycin to 0.38 mM for streptomycin. Lineweaver Burk plots indicate competitive inhibition with a possible relation to the calcium activitation. It is possible that aminoglycosides may inhibit phosphatidylinositol phospholipase C in vivo and that this inhibition may be related to the nephrotoxicity of aminoglycosides.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
|Published - Jan 1 1982
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine