Amide proton transfer-weighted MRI detection of traumatic brain injury in rats

Hong Zhang, Wenzhu Wang, Shanshan Jiang, Yi Zhang, Hye Young Heo, Xianlong Wang, Yun Peng, Jian Wang, Jinyuan Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to explore the capability and uniqueness of amide proton transfer-weighted (APTw) imaging in the detection of primary and secondary injury after controlled cortical impact (CCI)-induced traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. Eleven adult rats had craniotomy plus CCI surgery under isoflurane anesthesia. Multi-parameter MRI data were acquired at 4.7 T, at eight time points (1, 6 h, and 1, 2, 3, 7, 14, and 28 days after TBI). At one and six hours post-injury, average APTw signal intensities decreased significantly in the impacted and peri-lesional areas due to tissue acidosis. A slightly high APTw signal was seen in the core lesion area with respect to the peri-lesional area, which was due to hemorrhage, as shown by T2*w. After the initial drop, the APTw signals dramatically increased in some peri-lesional areas at two and three days post-injury, likely due to the secondary inflammatory response. The use of APTw MRI has the potential to introduce a novel molecular neuroimaging approach for the simultaneous detection of ischemia, hemorrhage, and neuroinflammation in TBI.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3422-3432
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017


  • Amide proton transfer-weighted imaging
  • hemorrhage
  • ischemia
  • neuroinflammation
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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