Amide proton transfer (APT) imaging is a technique in which the nuclear magnetization of water-exchangeable amide protons of endogenous mobile proteins and peptides in tissue is saturated, resulting in a signal intensity decrease of the free water. In this work, the first human APT data were acquired from 10 patients with brain tumors on a 3T whole-body clinical scanner and compared with T1- (T1w) and T2-weighted (T2w), fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR), and diffusion images (fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)). The APT-weighted images provided good contrast between tumor and edema. The effect of APT was enhanced by an approximate 4% change in the water signal intensity in tumor regions compared to edema and normal-appearing white matter (NAWM). These preliminary data from patients with brain tumors show that the APT is a unique contrast that can provide complementary information to standard clinical MRI measures.
- Amide proton exchange
- Brain tumor
- Magnetization transfer
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging