An increase in liver alcohol dehydrogenase activity was detected after 6 days of uremia in the rat, with a maximum increase occurring after 10 days. The increase was documented in the oxidative and reductive directions with ethanol and acetaldehyde as substrates, respectively; was not found in organs other than the liver and was not accompanied by increases in other cytosolic enzymes. The enzyme in the uremic animal did not differ in pH optimum for ethanol oxidation, Km for ethanol and NAD+ or in electrophoretic mobility from the enzyme in the normal animal. Adrenalectomy prevented the increase. It is suggested that the increase in liver alcohol dehydrogenase requires intact adrenal glands and is most likely caused by the stress of surgery and the uremic state.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)