Aicardi syndrome mimicking intrauterine hydrocephalus

Deivasumathy Muthugovindan, Eric H. Kossoff, Ai Sakonju, Michael V. Johnston

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Congenital enlargement of the cerebral ventricles is now commonly recognized in utero due to the availability of high resolution prenatal ultrasonography. It is important to distinguish between congenital hydrocephalus and ventricular enlargement due to malformations, infections or other destructive processes because these disorders can have markedly different prognoses. We report an infant diagnosed with Aicardi syndrome in the newborn period based on brain MRI and ophthalmological findings after she was referred for evaluation of hydrocephalus seen on fetal ultrasound. Aicardi syndrome most commonly comes to medical attention because of seizures later in infancy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)638-640
Number of pages3
JournalBrain and Development
Issue number8
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009


  • Aicardi syndrome
  • Chorioretinal lacunae
  • Corpus callosum agenesis
  • Infantile spasms
  • Intracranial cysts
  • Modified criteria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology


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