Age differences in personality traits across cultures: Self-report and observer perspectives

Robert R. McCrae, Paul T. Costa, Martina Ȟrebíčková, Tomáş Urbánek, Thomas A. Martin, Valery E. Oryol, Alexey A. Rukavishnikov, Ivan G. Senin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Scopus citations


Using self-report measures, longitudinal studies in the US and cross-sectional studies from many cultures suggest that the broad factors of Neuroticism, Extra version, and Openness to Experience decline from adolescence to adulthood, whereas Agreeableness and Conscientiousness increase. Data are inconsistent on the rate of change during adulthood, and on the generalizability of self-report findings to informant ratings. We analysed cross-sectional data from self-reports and informant ratings on the Revised NEO Personality Inventory in Czech (N = 705) and Russian (N = 800) samples. Some curvilinear effects were found, chiefly in the Czech sample; informant data generally replicated self-reports, although the effects were weaker. Although many of the details are not yet clear, there appear to be pan-cultural trends in personality development that are consistent with the hypothesis of intrinsic maturation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Personality
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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