Adverse Life Events, Coping and Internalizing and Externalizing Behaviors in Urban African American Youth

Yadira M. Sanchez, Sharon F. Lambert, Michele Cooley-Strickland

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

African American youth residing in low income urban neighborhoods are at increased risk of experiencing negative life events in multiple domains, increasing their risk for internalizing and externalizing behaviors. However, little is known about youth's differential responses to life event stress, or protective processes and coping strategies for urban African American youth exposed to adverse life events. Thus, the present study examined whether variability in predominantly low income, urban African American youth's responses to life event stress are accounted for by the type of life event experienced or the type of coping strategies used. Participants were a community sample of 353 urban African American youth (52. 8 % girls; age range 8-12 years) who participated in the Multiple Opportunities to Reach Excellence (MORE) Project. Youth reported about their experiences with adverse life events, coping strategies, and internalizing and externalizing symptoms. Results indicated that violent life events were uniquely associated with externalizing behavior, while discrimination and economic stress were uniquely associated with internalizing behavior. The utility of coping strategies varied by gender, such that avoiding problems was protective for girls who experienced violent life events, but not for boys. For boys, exposure to violence was significantly positively associated with externalizing symptoms regardless of the amount of avoiding problems coping used. Findings suggest that interventions to develop coping strategies may need to be gender-specific as well as tailored for the types of stressors common for low income urban youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)38-47
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2013

Keywords

  • Adverse life events
  • African American youth
  • Coping
  • Externalizing
  • Internalizing
  • Urban
  • Violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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