Adult lead exposure: Time for change

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

70 Scopus citations


We have assembled this mini-monograph on adult lead exposure to provide guidance to clinicians and public health professionals, to summarize recent thinking on lead biomarkers and their relevance to epidemiologic research, and to review two key lead-related outcomes, namely, cardiovascular and cognitive. The lead standards of the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration are woefully out of date given the growing evidence of the health effects of lead at levels of exposure previously thought to be safe, particularly newly recognized persistent or progressive effects of cumulative dose. The growing body of scientific evidence suggests that occupational standards should limit recent dose to prevent the acute effects of lead and separately limit cumulative dose to prevent the chronic effects of lead. We hope this mini-monograph will motivate renewed discussion of ways to protect lead-exposed adults in the United States and around the world.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)451-454
Number of pages4
JournalEnvironmental health perspectives
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2007


  • Adults
  • Biomarker
  • Cumulative dose
  • Epidemiology
  • Lead
  • Lead poisoning
  • OSHA regulations
  • Tibia bone lead
  • U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration
  • Worker protection
  • X-ray flourescence
  • XRF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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