Activity of a long-acting injectable bedaquiline formulation in a paucibacillary mouse model of latent tuberculosis infection

Amit Kaushik, Nicole C. Ammerman, Sandeep Tyagi, Vikram Saini, Iwan Vervoort, Sophie Lachau-Durand, Eric Nuermberger, Koen Andries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


The potent antituberculosis activity and long half-life of bedaquiline make it an attractive candidate for use in long-acting/extended-release formulations for the treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). Our objective was to evaluate a long-acting injectable (LAI) bedaquiline formulation in a validated paucibacillary mouse model of LTBI. Following immunization with Mycobacterium bovis rBCG30, BALB/c mice were challenged by aerosol infection with M. tuberculosis H37Rv. Treatment began 13 weeks after challenge infection with one of the following regimens: an untreated negative-control regimen; positive-control regimens of daily rifampin (10 mg/kg of body weight), once-weekly rifapentine (15 mg/kg) and isoniazid (50 mg/kg), or daily bedaquiline (25 mg/kg); test regimens of one, two, or three monthly doses of LAI bedaquiline at 160 mg/dose (BLAI-160); and test regimens of daily bedaquiline at 2.67 mg/kg (B2.67), 5.33 mg/kg (B5.33), or 8 mg/kg (B8) to deliver the same total amount of bedaquiline as one, two, or three doses of BLAI-160, respectively. All drugs were administered orally, except for BLAI-160 (intramuscular injection). The primary outcome was the decline in M. tuberculosis lung CFU counts during 12 weeks of treatment. The negative- and positive-control regimens performed as expected. One, two, and three doses of BLAI-160 resulted in decreases of 2.9, 3.2, and 3.5 log10 CFU/lung, respectively, by week 12. Daily oral dosing with B2.67, B5.33, and B8 decreased lung CFU counts by 1.6, 2.8, and 4.1 log10, respectively. One dose of BLAI-160 exhibited activity for at least 12 weeks. The sustained activity of BLAI-160 indicates that it shows promise as a short-course LTBI treatment requiring few patient encounters to ensure treatment completion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00007-19
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2019


  • BALB/c mice
  • Bedaquiline
  • Latent tuberculosis infection
  • Long-acting injectable

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases


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