Active surveillance for low-risk prostate cancer: Knowledge, acceptance and practice among urologists

M. A. Gorin, A. Eldefrawy, O. Ekwenna, M. S. Soloway

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND: This study aimed to survey urologists regarding their knowledge, acceptance and practice of active surveillance (AS) for low-risk prostate cancer. METHODS: An email-based survey was distributed to 4987 urologists. Respondents were surveyed regarding their knowledge and acceptance of AS. Those who felt AS was a reasonable strategy were asked their opinions on the criteria for AS enrollment and the details of their practice of AS. Respondents who felt AS was not a reasonable alternative were queried as to the reasons why. RESULTS: A total of 425 (9%) urologists successfully completed the survey and 387 (91%) were both familiar with AS and aware that AS differed from watchful waiting. Of this latter group, 370 (96%) respondents felt AS was a reasonable management strategy, 95% of whom manage patients with this approach. A minority of respondents (6%) felt that patients with a PSA>10 ng ml -1 were eligible for AS. Further, most participants (74%) felt that patients required a Gleason score 6. There was little agreement on the timing of follow-up biopsies. Respondents who objected to AS were most commonly concerned with missing an opportunity for curative treatment (76%) and the risk of tumor undergrading (65%). CONCLUSIONS: The majority of participants were knowledgeable and accepting of AS. Respondents were in relative agreement regarding the PSA and Gleason score criteria for AS enrollment. In contrast, there was a lack of agreement on the timing of follow-up biopsies. In the future, comparative studies are required to determine the optimal enrollment criteria and follow-up protocol for patients managed with AS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)177-181
Number of pages5
JournalProstate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • active surveillance
  • survey
  • watchful waiting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Urology
  • Cancer Research


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