Active ageing and success: A brief history of conceptual models

Donatella Rita Petretto, Roberto Pili, Luca Gaviano, Cristina Matos López, Carlo Zuddas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Introduction and purpose of the study: The aim of this paper is to analyse and describe different conceptual models of successful ageing, active and healthy ageing developed in Europe and in America in the 20° century, starting from Rowe and Kahn's original model (1987, 1997). Methodology: A narrative review was conducted on the literature on successful ageing. Results: Our review included definition of successful ageing from European and American scholars.Models were found that aimed to describe indexes of active and healthy ageing, models devoted to describe processes involved in successful ageing, and additional views that emphasise subjective and objective perception of successful ageing. A description is also given of critiques on previous models and remedies according to Martin et al. (2014) and strategies for successful ageing according to Jeste and Depp (2014). The need is discussed for the enhancement of Rowe and Kahn's model and other models with a more inclusive, universal description of ageing, incorporating scientific evidence regarding active ageing.

Original languageSpanish
JournalRevista Espanola de Geriatria y Gerontologia
StateAccepted/In press - Nov 28 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Active ageing
  • Healthy ageing
  • Positive ageing
  • Rowe and Kahn Model
  • Successful ageing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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