Activation of proteasome by insulin-like growth factor-I may enhance clearance of oxidized proteins in the brain

Elizabeth Crowe, Christian Sell, Jeff D. Thomas, Gregg J. Johannes, Claudio Torres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The insulin-like growth factor type 1 (IGF-I) plays an important role in neuronal physiology. Reduced IGF-I levels are observed during aging and this decrease may be important to age-related changes in the brain. We studied the effects of IGF-I on total protein oxidation in brain tissues and in cell cultures. Our results indicate that in frontal cortex the level of oxidized proteins is significantly reduced in transgenic mice designed to overproduce IGF-I compared with wild-type animals. The frontal cortex of IGF-I-overproducing mice exhibited high chymotrypsin-like activity of the 20S and 26S proteasomes. The proteasome can also be activated in response to IGF-I in cell cultures. Kinetic studies revealed peak activation of the proteasome within 15 min following IGF-I stimulation. The effects of IGF-I on proteasome were not observed in R- cells lacking the IGF-I receptor. Experiments using specific kinase inhibitors suggested that activation of proteasome by IGF-I involves phosphatidyl inositol 3-kinase and mammalian target of rapamycin signaling. IGF-I also attenuated the increase in protein carbonyl content induced by proteasome inhibition. Thus, appropriate levels of IGF-I may be important for the elimination of oxidized proteins in the brain in a process mediated by activation of the proteasome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)793-800
Number of pages8
JournalMechanisms of Ageing and Development
Issue number11-12
StatePublished - Nov 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Aging
  • Brain
  • Insulin-like growth factor-I
  • Proteasome
  • Protein oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Developmental Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Activation of proteasome by insulin-like growth factor-I may enhance clearance of oxidized proteins in the brain'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this