Actions of CCK in the controls of food intake and body weight: Lessons from the CCK-A receptor deficient OLETF rat

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Abstract

The OLETF rat, lacking CCK-A receptors, provides an important model for identifying roles for CCK in the controls of food intake and body weight. OLETF rats are obese and diabetic and express deficits in the control of the size of individual meals. Meal size in OLETF rats is doubled and although meal number is decreased, the decrease is not sufficient to prevent hyperphagia. Analyses of patterns of hypothalamic gene expression in OLETF rats indicate the presence of a primary deficit in DMH NPY signaling. These data suggest an important role for CCK in controlling NPY expression in a population of non-leptin regulated hypothalamic neurons. In the absence of this control, NPY is overexpressed, contributing to hyperphagia and obesity. Thus, the obesity in the OLETF rats may be the outcome of two regulatory disruptions, one depending upon a peripheral within meal satiety pathway and the other depending upon a central pathway critical to overall energy balance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)171-181
Number of pages11
JournalNeuropeptides
Volume36
Issue number2-3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Neurology
  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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