Acidemia and brain pH during prolonged cardiopulmonary resuscitation in dogs

Scott M. Eleff, Hideyoshi Sugimoto, D. Hal Shaffner, Richard J. Traystman, Raymond C. Koehler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Background and Purpose: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) generating low perfusion pressures and beginning immediately after cardiac arrest maintains cerebral ATP but not cerebral pH or arterial pH. We tested the hypothesis that preventing severe arterial acidemia prevents cerebral acidosis, whereas augmenting arterial acidemia augments cerebral acidosis. Methods: In dogs anesthetized with pentobarbital and fentanyl, cerebral pH and ATP were measured with 31P MR spectroscopy and blood flow was measured with radiolabeled microspheres. A pneumatically controlled vest was placed around the thorax, and chest compressions were begun immediately after electrically induced cardiac arrest. Cerebral perfusion pressure was maintained with epinephrine at 30 mm Hg for 90 minutes. The arterial acidemia observed during CPR was untreated in a control group, corrected to a pH of 7.3 with the use of sodium bicarbonate, or maintained below pH 6.5 with intravenous lactic acid after 14 minutes of CPR. Results: At 10 minutes of CPR, cerebral ATP (99 ± 1.5%, control), blood flow (35±3 mL/min per 100 g), O2 consumption (4.0±0.2 mL/min per 100 g), and cerebral pH (7.05±.03) were unchanged from prearrest values (mean±SEM). After 10 minutes of CPR in the control group, cerebral pH progressively fell (6.43±0.01 at 90 minutes) in parallel with cerebral venous pH. In the bicarbonate group cerebral pH was maintained higher (6.91±0.08). Cerebral blood flow, O2 consumption, anti ATP were sustained near prearrest values in both groups. In the lactate group, however, the rate of decrease of cerebral pH was augmented (6.47±0.06 by 30 minutes), and cerebral blood flow and metabolism were significantly reduced. Conclusions: Cerebral pH decreased in parallel with blood pH when resuscitation was started immediately upton arrest even when cerebral O2 consumption and blood flow were near the first hour of CPR, systemic bicarbonate administration normal. Although cerebral metabolism was near normal during ameliorated the cerebral acidosis. This finding indicates that the blood-brain pH gradient is important at the subnormal cerebral perfusion pressures seen in CPR.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1028-1034
Number of pages7
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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