Some HIV-infected individuals in research studies may choose not to disclose knowledge of their HIV status to study staff. We evaluated the accuracy of self-reported HIV status among African men and transgender women who have sex with men and who were screened for a research study. Sixty-seven of 183 HIV-infected participants reported a prior HIV diagnosis. Samples from the remaining 116 participants were tested for antiretroviral (ARV) drugs. Thirty-six of the 116 participants had ARV drugs detected, indicating that they were on antiretroviral treatment; these participants were classified as previously diagnosed based on ARV drug testing. Among participants classified as previously diagnosed, disclosure of a prior HIV diagnosis varied among study sites (p = 0.006) and was more common among those who reported having sex with men only (p = 0.002). ARV drug testing in addition to self-report improves the accuracy for identifying individuals with a prior HIV diagnosis.
- Transgender women
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases