Aberrant localization of synchronous hemodynamic activity in auditory cortex reliably characterizes schizophrenia

Vince D. Calhoun, Kent A. Kiehl, Peter F. Liddle, Godfrey D. Pearlson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Scopus citations


Background Among the most prominent features of schizophrenic brains are abnormalities in auditory cortex structure and function, particularly in the superior temporal gyrus (STG). In this study, we attempted to examine auditory cortex function using an intrinsic, task-uncorrelated measure. Methods Using functional magnetic resonance imaging data, we calculated synchronous hemodynamic independent maps (SHIMs) of auditory cortex in patients with schizophrenia and matched healthy control subjects while they performed an auditory oddball task. Results Patient SHIMs revealed greater synchrony in ventral and medial STG regions (including auditory association Brodmann area [BA] 42); control SHIMs had greater synchrony in dorsal and lateral STG regions (which did not include BA 42). A within-participant subtractive comparison of these two sets of regions differentiated schizophrenic from healthy control subjects with 97% accuracy initially (further validated by a retest of the healthy control subjects) and performed with 94% accuracy in a confirmatory study of new subjects scanned at a different site. Conclusions These results shed new light on STG functional differences in schizophrenia, suggest that aberrant patterns of coherence in temporal lobe cortical regions are a cardinal abnormality in schizophrenia, and have the potential to provide a powerful, quantitative clinical tool for the assessment of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)842-849
Number of pages8
JournalBiological psychiatry
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 15 2004
Externally publishedYes


  • Auditory
  • Functional magnetic resonance imaging
  • Independent component analysis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Superior temporal gyrus
  • Synchrony

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biological Psychiatry


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