A whole-brain neuromark resting-state fMRI analysis of first-episode and early psychosis: Evidence of aberrant cortical-subcortical-cerebellar functional circuitry

Kyle M. Jensen, Vince D. Calhoun, Zening Fu, Kun Yang, Andreia V. Faria, Koko Ishizuka, Akira Sawa, Pablo Andrés-Camazón, Brian A. Coffman, Dylan Seebold, Jessica A. Turner, Dean F. Salisbury, Armin Iraji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Psychosis (including symptoms of delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized conduct/speech) is a main feature of schizophrenia and is frequently present in other major psychiatric illnesses. Studies in individuals with first-episode (FEP) and early psychosis (EP) have the potential to interpret aberrant connectivity associated with psychosis during a period with minimal influence from medication and other confounds. The current study uses a data-driven whole-brain approach to examine patterns of aberrant functional network connectivity (FNC) in a multi-site dataset comprising resting-state functional magnetic resonance images (rs-fMRI) from 117 individuals with FEP or EP and 130 individuals without a psychiatric disorder, as controls. Accounting for age, sex, race, head motion, and multiple imaging sites, differences in FNC were identified between psychosis and control participants in cortical (namely the inferior frontal gyrus, superior medial frontal gyrus, postcentral gyrus, supplementary motor area, posterior cingulate cortex, and superior and middle temporal gyri), subcortical (the caudate, thalamus, subthalamus, and hippocampus), and cerebellar regions. The prominent pattern of reduced cerebellar connectivity in psychosis is especially noteworthy, as most studies focus on cortical and subcortical regions, neglecting the cerebellum. The dysconnectivity reported here may indicate disruptions in cortical-subcortical-cerebellar circuitry involved in rudimentary cognitive functions which may serve as reliable correlates of psychosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number103584
JournalNeuroImage: Clinical
Volume41
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

Keywords

  • Early psychosis (EP)
  • First-episode psychosis (FEP)
  • Functional network connectivity (FNC)
  • Independent component analysis (ICA)
  • Resting-state fMRI
  • Schizophrenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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