A TLD based method to estimate bowtie filter shape in PET/CT

N. Ahmadi, M. N. Nasrabadi, A. Karimian, A. Rahmim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: In CT systems, the machine utilizes a bowtie filter to shape the X -ray beam and remove lower energy photons. The shape of this bowtie filter is complicated and its geometry is o!en not available in detail. These renders the CT dose index (CTDI) to have different values in measurement versus Monte Carlo simulation studies and other analytical calculations especially in dosimetry of internal organs. In existing literature, the bowtie filter shape is extracted by using expensive sensors Materials and Methods: In the present work, the shape of the bowtie filter of the Biograph 6 PET/CT was derived by using Thermolumenecence dosimeters (TLDs). Subsequently, to evaluate the accuracy of the body bowtie filter shape as generated by TLDs, Monte Carlo simulation of CT was performed. 16 X-ray sources in various angles were used within the Monte Carlo code (MCNP-4C) to simulate the CT section of the PET -CT Biograph 6 system and to calculate dose. Results: The relative difference between simulated and measured CTDI value for the PET/CT Siemens Biograph 6 at 80, 110 and 130 kVp were 4.2, 2.9 and 2.3%, respectively. Conclusion: In this study, we demonstrate that it is possible to calculate the bowtie filter shape by using an inexpensive TLD method. The results showed that it is possible to determine the shape of the bowtie filter in PET/CT using TLDs with acceptable accuracy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-390
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 1 2017


  • Bowtie filter
  • Dosimetry
  • PET/CT
  • TLD dosimeter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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