A sterile-freehand reduction technique for corrective osteotomy of fixed cervical kyphosis

Sang Hun Lee, Ki Tack Kim, Kyung Soo Suk, Man Ho Kim, Dae Hyun Park, Kyu Jin Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


STUDY DESIGN. A technical note and a retrospective review of cervical osteotomy using an innovative reduction technique. OBJECTIVE. To present the clinical and radiological outcomes and effectiveness of the sterile-freehand reduction technique for cervical osteotomy. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUD DATA. For a successful osteotomy, controlled reduction of deformity after complete release of bony deformity is the most critical step. Conventional "unscrubbed- scrubbed" manual reduction techniques necessitate multiple releases and retightening of the clamp and are inconvenient for the surgeon to control the force and monitor the surgical field closely. METHODS. A total of 7 consecutive patients (5 male and 2 female; mean age, 52.6 yr) who underwent corrective osteotomy of the fixed cervical kyphosis by a single surgeon were enrolled. Radiographically, C2-C7 sagittal and coronal angle, and the chin-brow vertical angle were measured. In the prone position, the entire head and the Gardner-Wells tong were included in the surgical field, and a sterile rope was connected to a weight through a hole made in the surgical drape. After complete release of bony element and fixation of the caudal part of osteotomy with a prebent lordotic rod, the operator held the tong with right hand and gradually reduced the deformity to place the rod within the screw heads on the cranial part of osteotomy under close visual observation, with the support of the caudal part with left hand. RESULTS. The type of osteotomy performed was pedicle-subtraction osteotomy in 5 cases and anterior-release-posterior osteotomy in 2 cases. The mean correction angle was 39.7 (28 -63 ) on the sagittal plane and 9.3 (0 -16 ) on the coronal plane. The mean correction of the chin-brow vertical angle was 37.1 (18 -61 ). There was no neurovascular complication. CONCLUSION. Using the sterile-freehand reduction technique, the operator can obtain a safe, controlled reduction with close monitoring of the surgical field. The technique is potentially a simple and effective method to provide stable, 3-dimensional reduction for corrective osteotomies of the cervical spine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2145-2150
Number of pages6
Issue number26
StatePublished - Dec 15 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Cervical kyphosis
  • Freehand
  • Pedicle subtraction osteotomy
  • Reduction
  • Sterile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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