A Review of Posteromedial Lesions of the ChestWall: What Should a Chest Radiologist Know?

Sara Haseli, Bahar Mansoori, Mehrzad Shafiei, Firoozeh Shomal Zadeh, Hamid Chalian, Parisa Khoshpouri, David Yousem, Majid Chalian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A heterogeneous group of tumors can affect the posteromedial chest wall. They form diverse groups of benign and malignant (primary or secondary) pathologies that can arise from different chest wall structures, i.e., fat, muscular, vascular, osseous, or neurogenic tissues. Chest radiography is very nonspecific for the characterization of chest wall lesions. The modality of choice for the initial assessment of the chest wall lesions is computed tomography (CT). More advanced cross-sectional modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) with fluorodeoxyglucose are usually used for further characterization, staging, treatment response, and assessment of recurrence. A systematic approach based on age, clinical history, and radiologic findings is required for correct diagnosis. It is essential for radiologists to be familiar with the spectrum of lesions that might affect the posteromedial chest wall and their characteristic imaging features. Although the imaging findings of these tumors can be nonspecific, cross-sectional imaging helps to limit the differential diagnosis and determine the further diagnostic investigation (e.g., image-guided biopsy). Specific imaging findings, e.g., location, mineralization, enhancement pattern, and local invasion, occasionally allow a particular diagnosis. This article reviews the posteromedial chest wall anatomy and different pathologies. We provide a combination of location and imaging features of each pathology. We will also explore the role of imaging and its strengths and limitations for diagnosing posteromedial chest wall lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number301
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2022


  • Benign
  • Chest wall
  • Imaging
  • Lesion
  • Malignant
  • Posteromedial

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry


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