A Review of Ophthalmic Telemedicine for Emergency Department Settings

Sofia De Arrigunaga, Kanza Aziz, Alice C. Lorch, David S. Friedman, Grayson W. Armstrong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Patients presenting to emergency departments for ophthalmic emergencies benefit from prompt evaluation. However, Few emergency departments (EDs) have ophthalmologists on call, and eye care provided in EDs without ophthalmic services can be inaccurate. Methods: We review the current state of ophthalmic telemedical care in EDs and highlight important considerations when implementing telemedicine in this setting. Results: Telemedicine allows ophthalmologists to work with on-site emergency care providers to interview and examine patients remotely in EDs, enabling proper assessment of patient history, visual acuity, pupils, intraocular pressure, as well as the anterior and posterior segment. To date, patients’ perceptions of this new model of care have been largely positive. Discussion: The use of telemedical consultations for remote evaluation of patients with ophthalmic complaints stands to improve the quality of care provided to patients and extend the reach of remote ophthalmologists. The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic and the risk of in-person care further highlights the potential for telemedicine to augment existing models of emergency care.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)83-90
Number of pages8
JournalSeminars in Ophthalmology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Emergency department
  • Emergency telemedicine
  • telemedicine
  • teleophthalmology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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