A paperfluidic platform to detect Neisseria gonorrhoeae in clinical samples

Audrey L. Horst, Justin M. Rosenbohm, Nikunja Kolluri, Justin Hardick, Charlotte A. Gaydos, Mario Cabodi, Catherine M. Klapperich, Jacqueline C. Linnes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Globally, the microbe Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) causes 106 million newly documented sexually transmitted infections each year. Once appropriately diagnosed, NG infections can be readily treated with antibiotics, but high-risk patients often do not return to the clinic for treatment if results are not provided at the point of care. A rapid, sensitive molecular diagnostic would help increase NG treatment and reduce the prevalence of this sexually transmitted disease. Here, we report on the design and development of a rapid, highly sensitive, paperfluidic device for point-of-care diagnosis of NG. The device integrates patient swab sample lysis, nucleic acid extraction, thermophilic helicase-dependent amplification (tHDA), an internal amplification control (NGIC), and visual lateral flow detection within an 80 min run time. Limits of NG detection for the NG/NGIC multiplex tHDA assay were determined within the device, and clinical performance was validated retroactively against qPCR-quantified patient samples in a proof-of-concept study. This paperfluidic diagnostic has a clinically relevant limit of detection of 500 NG cells per device with analytical sensitivity down to 10 NG cells per device. In triplicate testing of 40 total urethral and vaginal swab samples, the device had 95% overall sensitivity and 100% specificity, approaching current laboratory-based molecular NG diagnostics. This diagnostic platform could increase access to accurate NG diagnoses to those most in need.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number35
JournalBiomedical microdevices
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018


  • Neisseria gonorrhoeae
  • internal amplification control
  • isothermal amplification
  • molecular diagnostic
  • paperfluidic
  • point of care
  • thermophilic helicase dependent amplification
  • urethral swab
  • vaginal swab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology


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