A novel video game for remote studies of motor adaptation in children

Laura A. Malone, Nayo M. Hill, Haley Tripp, Daniel M. Wolpert, Amy J. Bastian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Here we designed a motor adaptation video game that could be played remotely (at home) through a web browser. This required the child to adapt to a visuomotor rotation between their hand movement and a ball displayed in the game. The task had several novel features, specifically designed to allow the study of the developmental trajectory of adaptation across a wide range of ages. We test the concurrent validity by comparing children's performance on our remote task to the same task performed in the laboratory. All participants remained engaged and completed the task. We quantified feedforward and feedback control during this task. Feedforward control, a key measure of adaptation, was similar at home and in the laboratory. All children could successfully use feedback control to guide the ball to a target. Traditionally, motor learning studies are performed in a laboratory to obtain high quality kinematic data. However, here we demonstrate concurrent validity of kinematic behavior when conducted at home. Our online platform provides the flexibility and ease of collecting data that will enable future studies with large sample sizes, longitudinal experiments, and the study of children with rare diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere15764
JournalPhysiological Reports
Issue number13
StatePublished - Jul 2023


  • motor adaptation
  • motor learning
  • pediatric motor learning
  • remote administration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology


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