Depression is estimated to affect more than 6.5 million Americans 65 years of age and older and compared with non-Latino whites older U.S. Latinos have a greater incidence and severity of depression, warranting further investigation of novel risk factors for depression onset among this population. We used data on 771/1,789 individuals ≥60 years of age from the Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (1998-2008) who were tested for cytomegalovirus (CMV), herpes simplex virus, varicella zoster, Helicobacter pylori, Toxoplasma gondii, and C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) level. Among those without elevated depressive symptoms at baseline, we examined the association between each pathogen, inflammatory markers and incident depression over up to nearly 10 years of follow-up using discrete-time logistic regression. We found that only CMV seropositivity was statistically significantly associated with increased odds of incident depression (odds ratio [OR]: 1.38, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.00-1.90) in the total sample as well as among women only (OR: 1.70, 95% CI: 1.01-2.86). These associations were not mediated by CRP or IL-6 levels. Our findings suggest that CMV seropositivity may serve as an important risk factor for the onset of depression among older U.S. Latinos, but act outside of inflammatory pathways.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences|
|State||Published - May 1 2019|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Geriatrics and Gerontology