A human rights approach to health care in conflict

Katherine H.A. Footer, Leonard S. Rubenstein

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Attacks on and interference with health care services, providers, facilities, transports, and patients in situations of armed conflict, civil disturbance, and state repression pose enormous challenges to health care delivery in circumstances where it is most needed. In times of armed conflict, international humanitarian law (IHL) provides robust protection to health care services, but it also contains gaps. Moreover, IHL does not cover situations where an armed conflict does not exist. This paper focuses on the importance of a human rights approach to addressing these challenges, relying on the highest attainable standard of health as well as to civil and political rights. In particular we take the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights General Comment No. 14 (on Article 12 of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights) as a normative framework from which states' obligations to respect, protect and fulfil the right to health across all conflict settings can be further developed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-187
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Review of the Red Cross
Issue number889
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • conflict
  • ethics
  • health worker
  • hospital
  • human rights
  • right to health
  • violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Law


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