A history of robots: From science fiction to surgical robotics

N. G. Hockstein, C. G. Gourin, R. A. Faust, D. J. Terris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


Surgical robotics is an evolving field with great advances having been made over the last decade. The origin of robotics was in the science-fiction literature and from there industrial applications, and more recently commercially available, surgical robotic devices have been realized. In this review, we examine the field of robotics from its roots in literature to its development for clinical surgical use. Surgical mills and telerobotic devices are discussed, as are potential future developments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-118
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • DaVinci
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Robot
  • Robotic surgery
  • Robotics
  • Zeus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics


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