In the present study, retinal lesions were induced by transscleral iontophoresis (1.5 mA) in rabbits. The size and severity of the lesions increased with the duration of application (2-25 min). No lesion was noted after <1 min application. Immediately after 5 min iontophoresis, the edematous retina exhibited necrotic retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), loss of outer segments, and thinning of the inner and outer nuclear layers. At 5 days after iontophoresis, there was a proliferation of RPE cells and macrophages in the subretinal space, with thinning of the inner and outer retinal layers continuing. By day 14, the retina had been reduced to a glial membrane. Immediately after 15 min iontophoresis, the damaged retina appeared in a mummified form containing no cellular elements. By day 5 thereafter, macrophages and actively proliferating RPE cells had been noted in the necrotic retina. By day 14, a glial membrane had formed.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology|
|State||Published - Jul 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience