A consensus statement on empiric therapy for suspected gram-positive infections in surgical patients

Joseph S. Solomkin, H. Stephen Bjornson, Miguel Cainzos, E. Patchen Dellinger, Lorenzo Dominioni, Robert Eidus, Eugen Faist, David Leaper, James T. Lee, Pamela A. Lipsett, Lena Napolitano, Carl L. Nelson, Robert G. Sawyer, John Weigelt, Samuel Eric Wilson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


Background: Multidrug resistance among gram-positive pathogens in tertiary and other care centers is common. A systematic decision pathway to help select empiric antibiotic therapy for suspected gram-positive postsurgical infections is presented. Data sources: A Medline search with regard to empiric antibiotic therapy was performed and assessed by the 15-member expert panel. Two separate panel meetings were convened and followed by a writing, editorial, and review process. Conclusions: The main goal of empiric treatment in postsurgical patients with suspected gram-positive infections is to improve clinical status. Empiric therapy should be initiated at the earliest sign of infection in all critically ill patients. The choice of therapy should flow from β-lactams to vancomycin to parenteral linezolid or quinupristin-dalfopristin. In patients likely to be discharged, oral linezolid is an option. Antibiotic resistance is an important issue, and in developing treatment algorithms for reduction of resistance, the utility of these new antibiotics may be extended and reduce morbidity and mortality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)134-145
Number of pages12
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2004


  • Antibiotic resistance
  • Empiric treatment
  • Gram-positive infection
  • Linezolid
  • Methicillin-resistant staphylococci
  • Postsurgical infections
  • Quinupristin/dalfopristin
  • Vancomycin
  • β-Lactams

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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