A conceptual overview and commentary on Gender Dysphoria

Frederick S Berlin

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/debatepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Gender Dysphoria is a distressed state of mind that is of interest to psychiatrists, including forensic psychiatrists. Forensic matters can be best addressed only after one has a good appreciation of relevant psychiatric knowledge and concepts. In this commentary I review the nature of Gender Dysphoria, its relationship to cross-dressing and erotic arousal, and the question of whether it should be thought of as a psychiatric disorder. I also review the complexity of sex and gender; alternative conceptualizations of Gender Dysphoria, its etiology, its multicultural history, and its typical course over time in a given individual. Finally, I summarize treatment options, treatment outcomes, and difficulties of treating Gender Dysphoria within an inmate population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)246-252
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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