A model of the left ventricle which combines a spheroidal geometry with a spatial fiber angle distribution is presented. The mechanics of each muscle fiber is described by its passive stress-strain relationship, active stress-strain relationship, and an activation function (half a sinusoid) which represents the time-dependent degree of activation of the fiber. A stress-strain rate relationship which characterizes the muscle fibers is used to calculate the mechanics of left ventricular contraction during ejection. Furthermore, a radial electrical signal propagation from the endocardium to the epicardium is used here as a first approximation to the actual depolarization sequence. The model is used to describe the process of contraction throughout the systole. The different calculated parameters and indices of left ventricular function are presented and discussed for different preloading, afterloading and contractility conditions. The maximum elastance is found to be an optimal macroscale parameter of contractility, as it is completely preload and afterload independent, and is a good reflection of the active microscale sarcomere stress-strain relationship.
|Number of pages
|Published - 1984
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine