A Comparison of Working Conditions Among Nurses in Magnet® and Non-Magnet® Hospitals

Alison M. Trinkoff, Meg Johantgen, Carla L. Storr, Kihye Han, Yulan Liang, Ayse P. Gurses, Susan Hopkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Scopus citations


To compare working conditions (ie, schedule, job demands, and practice environment) of nurses working in American Nurses Credentialing Center-designated Magnet® and non-Magnet® hospitals. Although nurse retention has been reported as more favorable among Magnet hospitals, controversy still exists on whether Magnet hospitals have better working conditions. A secondary data analysis was conducted of the Nurses Worklife and Health Study using responses from the 837 nurses working in 171 hospitals: 14 Magnet and 157 non-Magnet facilities in the Wave 3 follow-up survey. Contingency tables and t tests compared working conditions by Magnet status. To accommodate clustering of nurses in hospitals, the Huber-White sandwich estimator was used to obtain robust SEs and variance estimates. Nurses in Magnet hospitals were significantly less likely to report jobs that included mandatory overtime (P =.04) or on-call (P =.01), yet hours worked did not differ. They also reported significantly lower physical demands (P =.03), although the means for Magnet hospital nurses and non-Magnet nurses were quite similar (30.1 vs 31.0). Furthermore, comparison of the groups on nursing practice environment and perceived patient safety found no significant differences. Working conditions reported by nurses working in Magnet and non-Magnet hospitals varied little.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)309-315
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nursing Administration
Issue number7-8
StatePublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management


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