A comparison of anticipated pain before and pain rating after the procedure in patients who undergo cystourethroscopy

R. Mark Ellerkmann, James S. Dunn, Andrew W. McBride, Lorraine G. Kummer, Clifford F. Melick, Alfred E. Bent, Joan L. Blomquist

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare anticipated pain before the procedure and actual pain rating after the procedure in female patients who undergo cystourethroscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty-seven consecutive female patients completed a 10-cm visual analog pain scale before and after cystourethroscopy. A 24F urethroscope was used initially to inspect the urethra and was followed by a systematic survey of the bladder with a 17F cystoscope that was lubricated with 2% lidocaine gel. The visual analog pain scale scores were evaluated for significance with the use of the Student t test and the Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS: Visual analog pain scale analysis demonstrated a mean anticipated pain score of 3.75 cm before the procedure versus a mean pain rating score of 2.83 cm after the procedure (P < .05). Neither a history of previous cystoscopy (visual analog pain scale score, 3.03 vs 2.30 cm; P = .18) nor talking with someone about the procedure beforehand (visual analog pain scale score, 2.74 vs 2.89 cm; P = .76) influenced the lower pain rating after the procedure. There was no significant correlation between age, parity, body mass index, or presence of pelvic organ prolapse and anticipated or realized pain perception. CONCLUSION: Patients who undergo cystourethroscopy consistently anticipate higher degrees of discomfort than they actually perceive during the procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-69
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican journal of obstetrics and gynecology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003


  • Anxiety
  • Cystoscopy
  • Pain
  • Perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


Dive into the research topics of 'A comparison of anticipated pain before and pain rating after the procedure in patients who undergo cystourethroscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this