Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to measure the change in body weight after a 6-month telephone-based weight loss intervention in overweight and obese subjects with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) and mild visual loss randomized to receive either acetazolamide or placebo. Methods: One hundred sixty-five subjects with IIH, aged 29.1 ± 7.5 (mean ± SD) and BMI 39.9 + 8.3 kg/m2, enrolled at 38 academic and private practice sites in North America, participated in this trial. This was a randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial of acetazolamide in subjects with IIH and mild visual loss. All participants received a reduced-sodium, weight-reduction diet and a 6-month telephone-based weight loss intervention. Six-month changes from baseline in body weight, perimetric mean deviation as assessed by automated perimetry and quality of life using the National Eye Institute Visual Function Questionnaire 25 and the 36-item Short Form Health Survey were measured. Results: Mean percent weight change at 6 months was −5.9% ± 6.7% of initial body weight overall, −3.5% ± 5.9% in the placebo group and −7.8% ± 6.8% in the acetazolamide group. Weight change was not associated with changes in either mean deviation or quality of life scores. Conclusion: Patients with IIH and mild visual loss assigned to either acetazolamide or placebo, all of whom received a 6-month telephone-based weight loss intervention, lost an average of 5.9% of initial body weight, consistent with NHLBI guidelines of 5% to 10% of body weight loss for clinically significant health benefit.
- clinical research
- idiopathic intracranial hypertension
- telephone-based weight loss programme
- weight loss
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Nutrition and Dietetics