540° cervical realignment procedure for extensive cervical OPLL with kyphotic deformity

Sang Hun Lee, Ki Tack Kim, Jung Hee Lee, Kyung Chung Kang, Soo Jin Jang, Sang Phil Hwang, Kyung Tack Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Study Design. A retrospective study. Objective. The aim of this study was to present a novel, twostage [posterior and anterior-posterior (P-AP) 540°] procedure for extensive cervical ossification of the longitudinal ligament (OPLL) with kyphotic deformity. Summary of Background Data. The optimal surgical strategy for extensive cervical OPLL remains a controversial issue. Neurological injury and dural defect are complications of anterior surgery, while a posterior surgery can lead to poor clinical outcomes related to incomplete decompression. Methods. We analyzed consecutive cases of patients who underwent procedure described herein, which consists of two stages: the first (P: laminectomy and facet release with segmental screw fixations without rod assembly) and the second 1 week later (AP: multilevel anterior cervical discectomy with fusions (ACDFs) at the apex of the deformity without decompression, placement of lordotic grafts, and posterior fusion). To assess the radiographic parameters, extent of OPLL, maximal canal occupying ratio (%), the distances from the maximal compression to the K-line, and C2-7 angle were analyzed. Clinically, we analyzed visual analog scale of neck and arm pain, neck disability index (NDI), Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, and complications. Results. A total of 18 patients were enrolled (M:F=15:3, mean age 64.5 yrs, mean follow-up was 30 months). The mean extent of the OPLL was 3.8 vertebral body levels. Posterior fusion was performed on a mean 4.5 segments and anterior fusion was on a mean 2.4 segments. The mean C2-7 Cobb angle was improved from 10.5° to -12.2° at follow-up. The K-line distance to the maximal compression and canal occupying ratio were improved from -3.3 mm, 73.5% to 3.8mm, 38.4%, respectively. Preoperative NDI and JOA scores were significantly improved (18.5 to 9.4 and 8.2 to 14.8) at the last follow-up. Conclusion. The 540° P-AP procedure could provide safe decompression, cervical realignment, and favorable outcomes without the disadvantages of the conventional anterior and/or posterior surgery for extensive cervical OPLL with kyphotic deformity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1876-1883
Number of pages8
Issue number24
StatePublished - Dec 15 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • 540° procedure
  • Anterior cervical discectomy with fusion
  • Anterior-posterior spine surgery
  • Cervical myelopathy
  • Cervical spine
  • Circumferential spine surgery
  • Kyphotic deformity
  • OPLL
  • Posterior cervical fusion
  • Staged surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology


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