3D-2D image registration in virtual long-film imaging: Application to spinal deformity correction

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Purpose. Intraoperative 2D virtual long-film (VLF) imaging is investigated for 3D guidance and confirmation of the surgical product in spinal deformity correction. Multi-slot-scan geometry (rather than a single-slot "topogram") is exploited to produce parallax views of the scene for accurate 3D colocalization from a single radiograph. Methods. The multi-slot approach uses additional angled collimator apertures to form fan-beams with disparate views (parallax) of anatomy and instrumentation and to extend field-of-view beyond the linear motion limits. Combined with a knowledge of surgical implants (pedicle screws and/or spinal rods modeled as "known components"), 3D-2D image registration is used to solve for pose estimates via optimization of image gradient correlation. Experiments were conducted in cadaver studies emulating the system geometry of the O-arm (Medtronic, Minneapolis MN). Results. Experiments demonstrated feasibility of multi-slot VLF and quantified the geometric accuracy of 3D-2D registration using VLF acquisitions. Registration of pedicle screws from a single VLF yielded mean target registration error of (2.0±0.7) mm, comparable to the accuracy of surgical trackers and registration using multiple radiographs (e.g., AP and LAT). Conclusions. 3D-2D registration in a single VLF image offers a promising new solution for image guidance in spinal deformity correction. The ability to accurately resolve pose from a single view absolves workflow challenges of multiple-view registration and suggests application beyond spine surgery, such as reduction of long-bone fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationMedical Imaging 2019
Subtitle of host publicationImage-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
EditorsBaowei Fei, Cristian A. Linte
ISBN (Electronic)9781510625495
StatePublished - 2019
EventMedical Imaging 2019: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling - San Diego, United States
Duration: Feb 17 2019Feb 19 2019

Publication series

NameProgress in Biomedical Optics and Imaging - Proceedings of SPIE
ISSN (Print)1605-7422


ConferenceMedical Imaging 2019: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • 3D-2D image registration
  • Image-guided surgery
  • Intraoperative imaging
  • Linear slot-scanning radiography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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