13-Year Analysis of Gender Disparity in Peer-reviewed Burn Literature

Iman F. Khan, Suvethavarshini Ketheeswaran, Brea Willey, Elvin Alasgarov, Ismail Turker, Gunel Guliyeva, Charles Scott Hultman, Carisa M. Cooney, Julie A. Caffrey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Women are less likely to be senior authors, invited to write in scientific journals, and to be cited in high impact journals. The aim of this study was to investigate trends in authorship and gender differences in peer-reviewed burn literature over 13 years. We performed a retrospective analysis of original research articles published from January 2009 to September 2021 in three burn journals. A gender determination application was used to categorize the gender of the first and senior author. Of the 3908 articles analyzed, 42.5% had a woman first author and 27.6% had a woman senior author. We identified 2029 unique senior authors, 29.0% of whom were women. Woman senior authorship was associated with increased odds of woman first authorship [OR = 2.31 (95% CI: 2.00, 2.67); P < .001]. The percentage of papers with a woman senior author increased from 17.8% in 2009 to 35.7% in 2021. If this 1.0% (95% CI: 0.50–1.51%) linear trend increase per year in woman senior authorship continues, we will expect to see equal proportions of woman and man senior authors in the included journals starting in 2037. The field of burn care is far from reaching gender parity with respect to authorship of peer-reviewed publications. Supporting and encouraging gender-concordant and discordant first:last authorship dyads in mentorship as well as redistributing obligations that may detract from authorship opportunities are potential ways to improve parity in authorship and academia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-779
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Burn Care and Research
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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